This 2015 paper reviewed the role played by selenium and iodine in autoimmune thyroiditis. Iodine is an essential constituent of thyroid hormones and its deficiency causes different disorders that include goiter, hypothyroidism, reduced fertility and alteration in growth, physical and neurological development. These two micronutrients could be involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid diseases, a spectrum of pathological conditions including Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, post-partum thyroiditis, the so-called painless thyroiditis, Graves’ disease and Graves’ ophthalmopathy.
Guastamacchia, E., Giagulli, V. A., Licchelli, B., & Triggiani, V. (2015). Selenium and Iodine in Autoimmune Thyroiditis. Endocrine, metabolic & immune disorders drug targets, 15(4), 288–292. https://doi.org/10.2174/1871530315666150619094242